Table of Contents



I. CONSTANTS & CONVERSION FACTORS
Constants, conversion factors
Geometric equations
Wire calculations
Atomic weight of elements
Centigrade & fahrenheit
Decimal equivalents
Conversion tables
Water capacity of pipe

II. ECONOMICS
Single payment compound amount
Single payment present worth
Uniform series compound amount
Sinking fund payment
Uniform series present worth
Capital recovery
Gradient present worth
Payback period
After tax analysis
Comparing alternate investments
Straight line depreciation
Declining balance depreciation
Sum-of-the-years digits
Capital recovery tables

1
5
6
7
8
10
12
15


18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
24
III. ELECTRIC
Amps
Horsepower
Impedance
Kilowatts
Kilovolt amperes & The Mho
Ohms
Volts
Voltage drop
Watts (Btus to Watts)
Powerfactor
Meter spin test
Meter multipliers
Demand
Energy required to heat water
Wire classes & insulation

IV. ENVELOPE
R-Values of common insulations
R-value weight tables
Weight limits
R-values for various thicknesses
of Insulation
Infiltration tables
Heat transfer tables
Heat transfer calculations
Degree days
Conduction formula

27
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
38
39
40
41
41
42


46
47
48

49
50
51
57
58
58



ENVELOPE (continued)
Convection formula
U Value tables for composite walls
V. FUELS AND STEAM
Heat values of fuels
Natural gas meter spin test
Elements of combustion &
Heat of combustion

Heat energy to mechanical energy
Thermodynamics laws
Enthalpy formula & General gas
vapor law
Perfect gas law, Boyle's law, Charles'
law, Dalton's law
Graham's law, Avogadro's law, HP required
to compress air
Composition of air
Weights of gases & standard atmosphere
Flue gas losses
Fuel consumption related to delta
in efficiency
Atmospheric pressures by altitude
Air velocity in a pipe
Air volume discharged from a pipe
Physical properties of air
Density of moist air tables
Steam tables
Elevation effect on air and water

59
60

65
66

69
70
70

71

72

73
74
75
76

76
77
78
79
79
80
82
84
VI. HVAC
EER, SEER, HSPF, AFUE, EF
Performance ratios
Kw/Ton to COP or EER
EUI (Electric utilization index)
Compressor displacement
Compressor displacement conversion
factors
Compression ratio
Volumetric efficiency
Chiller efficiency improvement
COP of chiller
Efficiency of a cooling tower
Boiler efficiency
Percent outside air
Enthalpy tables
Derivation of air constants
Basic air conditioning formulas
Basic fan laws
CFC provisions
Clean air act
Boiling point of refrigerants
Phase out schedule HCFC
Acceptable refrigerant alternatives
forchillers
Phase out schedule CFC
Latent heat of vaporization
Properties of HFCs & HCFCs

87
88
89
89
90

91
91
92
93
94
94
95
96
97
98
99
104
105
105
106
107

108
109
109
110



HVAC (continued)
Pressure/temperature tables for
refrigerants
Design wet and dry bulb temperatures &
wind velocity for various locations
Body heat of occupants
Duct calculations-general
Computing fan static pressure
RPM/CFM rates
Recommended duct velocities
Quick duct sizing chart
Circumferences of circles & areas of
a square
Non-ducted air egress
Latent and sensible heat gain from
occupants
Lighting heat gains
specific heat of various substance

VII. LIGHTING
Lamp type life & efficacy comparison
Electromagnetic spectrum
Illuminance categories and values
Lighting inverse square law
Point by point method
Lumen method
Lighting economics


112

115

119
120
121
122
123

125
130

132
134
135


140
141
142
144
145
146
147
VIII. MOTORS
Work, power, horsepower, torque formulae
NEMA nameplate efficiency
Allowable number of starts
Motor formulas
Speed matching study
Motor horsepower, horsepower of pumps
Synchronous speed by # of poles
RPM air conditioning
Fan laws/affinity laws
Application of pump affinity laws
Pump sizing
Affinity laws of pumps
What is powerfactor
Correcting powerfactor with capacitors
Quick reference tables

IX. SOLAR
Daily insolation-various angles & lats.
Heat capacity of storage materials
Mean percent sunshine by location
Shading factors for overhangs

153
154
156
157
158
159
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167


170
172
173
178